RAG BIHAG (BEHAG)

by David Courtney working tools


Description

This rag is very popular.  Some common songs in Bihag are "Boliye Surali Boliyan", "Hamare Dil Se Na Jana Dhokna Na Khana", and "Tere Sur Aur Mere Geet".  It is a late night rag (9:00pm-midnight) of audav-sampurna jati.  Its strong characteristic is the use of both madhyams.  Opinion differs as to which Ma should be given prominence.  The orthodox approach is to give importance to the shuddha Ma.  However, more modern interpretations tend to give importance to the tivra Ma.  It is this emphasis on tivra Ma which causes some musicians to assign this rag to Kalyan that.

Bihag has a moderately complex structure.  This is due to the large number of rags which use both madhyams.  One must pay particular attention to the pakad or else one may impinge upon Hamir, Yaman Kalyan, Kedar, or any of a number of related rags.  The swarup (pakad) is Pa M� Ga Ma Ga.  For those who still adhere to the vadi / samvadi theory, it has been suggested that the vadi is Ga and the samvadi is Ni.  The Re and Dha are not used in the arohana but are used in the avarohana.

Arohana

Ascending structure for Bihag
(general discussion of arohana) - (general discussion of notation)

Avarohana

Descending structure of Bihag
(general discussion of avarohana)

Jati

Audav-Sampurna - (general discussion of jati)

Time

Late night - (general discussion of time and rag)

That

Bilawal that - (general discussion of that)

Pakad

pakad for rag Bihag
general discussion of pakad

Drone

Sa - Pa - (general discussion of drone)

For more information check out "Elementary North Indian Vocal"

 


 

Selected Video

Raga Bihag

 

Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan - Raag Bihag, drut, teental

 

Dhrupad: Raga Bihag - Part 1 - Bahauddin Dagar, Rudara Veen

 

Dhrupad: Raga Bihag - Part 2 - Bahauddin Dagar, Rudra Veen

 


Ustad Barkat Ali Khan, Raag Bihag

 

Bihag

 

Dr. Kamala Shankar (shankar-guitar): Raga Bihag gat2

 

Rishi Dhir - Raag Bihag - Indian Classical Vocal

 

Arvind Parikh - Bihag (excerpts)

 

Alan Posselt - Bihag

 

Pt. Budhaditya Mukherjee-Bihag Razakhani Drut Gat

 

 

 

© 1998 - 2017 David and Chandrakantha Courtney

For comments, corrections, and suggestions, kindly contact David Courtney at [email protected]