by David Courtney working tools


Tintal is without any doubt the most common tal in the north Indian classical system of music.  It is variously referred to as teental or trital.  These names all reflect the three claps of its vibhags structure.

The structure of tintal is so amazingly symmetrical that it presents a very simple rhythmic structure against which a performance can be laid.  It is composed of four vibhags of four matras each.  These vibhags are represented by a clap, clap, wave, and a clap.

The structure of tintal is shown below:

Clapping/ Waving Arrangement

clap, 2, 3, 4, clap, 2, 3, 4, wave, 2, 3, 4, clap, 2, 3, 4

Number of Beats



Theka for Tintal

Popular Songs

Film Songs in Tintal/Punjabi Theka



Selected Video






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For comments, corrections, and suggestions, kindly contact David Courtney at [email protected]